We are still announced in the statement. More than 3,600 heads of state and government from U.S. cities, states, tribes, businesses, colleges, and universities are signing to say they will continue to support climate action to meet paris Agreement commitments. The membership list continues to grow and also inspires new coalitions in other countries. This kind of coalition between sectors, party lines and even religions was once unprecedented, it is now a model that pushes nations towards more ambitious climate action around the world. Climate Action Alliances are a global network of coalitions that now spans five continents. They are the new faces of climate leadership around the world, accelerating the planning and implementation of critical climate actions. Climate change is a global threat that we can only contain with global action – and the Paris Agreement gives us the way to do so. Although the United States and Turkey are not party to the agreement because the countries have not declared their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, as Annex 1 countries to the UNFCCC, they will continue to be required to produce national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  “This will be the second time that the United States will be the main force behind the negotiations on a new climate agreement – with the Kyoto Protocol, we have never ratified it, in the case of the Paris Agreement, we have left it.” The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success by inspiring more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and increased initiatives to reduce pollution. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that addresses the mitigation, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The wording of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.   By February 2020, the 196 members of the UNFCCC had signed the agreement and 189 had become parties to the agreement.
 Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, the only major emitters are Iran and Turkey. The authors of the agreement set a withdrawal schedule that President Trump must follow – which prevents him from irreparably harming our climate. While strengthening the ambitions of NDCs is a key objective of the global stocktaking, it assesses efforts that go beyond containment. The 5-year reviews will also assess adaptation, climate finance regulations, and technology development and transfer.  The Paris Agreement has a “bottom-up” structure unlike most international environmental treaties, which are “top-down” and are characterized by internationally established norms and goals that must be implemented by states.  Unlike its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol, which sets commitment targets with the force of law, the Paris Agreement, which emphasizes consensus-building, makes it possible to achieve voluntary and nationally defined targets.  Specific climate goals are therefore promoted politically rather than legally binding. .