Faced with the prospect of defending several actions throughout the country, the majors sought a remedy in Congress, especially in the form of national legislation.  In June 1997, the National Association of Attorneys General and the Majors jointly asked Congress for a comprehensive resolution. On June 20, 1997, Mississippi Attorney General Michael Moore and a group of other Attorneys General announced the details of the transaction. The transaction included a $365.5 billion corporate payment, approval of possible Food and Drug Administration regulations in certain circumstances, as well as stricter warnings and restrictions on advertising. In return, companies would be exempt from class actions and court costs capped. :422 Although the motivations of settlements are different from those of OPMs, these states were also concerned about the effects of tobacco companies refusing to join the MSA. Settler countries feared that NPMs would be able to regulate their sales in order to stay financially afloat while being effective. On the basis of these two concerns, THE OPMs and the implementing countries wanted the MSAs to encourage these other tobacco companies to join the agreement. To fill this gap, the National Association of Attorneys General (“NAAG”) introduced the Allocable Share Release Repealer (ASR Repealer) in late 2002, a model status that eliminated the RSA. In a September 12, 2003 memo, Attorney General William H. Sorrell of Vermont, president of the NAAG Tobacco Project, stressed the urgency that “all states take steps to combat the proliferation of NPM sales, including the adoption of additional legislation and allied action laws and the consideration of other measures to serve the interests of states to avoid a reduction in tobacco benefits.” He noted that “NPM sales across the country hurt all countries,” that NPM sales in each state reduce payments to any other state, and that states have an interest in reducing NPM sales in each state.  For 40 years, tobacco companies have not been responsible for cigarette-related diseases.
Then, starting in 1994, led by Florida, states sued big tobacco across the country to recover public spending on medical expenses due to smoking. By amending the law to ensure that they would win in court, the states extorted a quarter of a trillion dollars, which was passed on to the price of cigarettes. Basically, the tobacco companies had money; The states and their employed lawyers wanted money; so companies and states have paid. Then the sick smokers got stuck with the bill.  Compliance with marketing rules and restrictions, as well as all other aspects of the MSA and the four other individual national comparisons, is enforced by a court in each state and by the Attorney General of each state.